Maintaining overall health is often associated with regular checks, good diet and exercise. But what if each organ in your body needs careful attention?
Good eye health is sometimes taken for granted, until one’s eyesight suffers or begins to tear from a microbe. Use this article as a checklist and find out if a small change is worth making for improving your lifestyle, more specifically your eyesight. Tips include monitoring food intake, consulting doctors or simply working on daily habits that have proved to be life changing.
- Regular checks
Eye exams help protect vision by ensuring early detection and easy treatment. There are two types of doctors to visit. Ophthalmologists are able to provide general eye care, treat diseases as well as perform surgery. Optometrists also provide general eye care and are able to cure the most common diseases. An eye exam may involve a quick discussion on personal and medical family history. It can include vision tests exploring any signs of nearsighted, farsighted, astigmatism or presbyopia. You can also expect eye pressure and optic nerve tests as these can detect glaucoma. External and microscopic examination of the eyes before and after dilation can also be included.
- No Smoking
It’s a well-known challenge worth taking up and one worth mentioning too! Smoking can damage your optic nerve, increase the chances of cataracts and macular degeneration. Cataracts result from clouding of the eye’s natural lens; studies have confirmed that smokers double their risk of developing the disease. Macular degeneration cause blind spots and can impair central vision. The good news is that quitting smoking at any age can severely reduce the risk of developing the disease.
- Balanced diet
This may be a cliché but it rarely fails to prove true, particularly for long term prevention. Specific food nutrients that nourish the eyesight include omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zinc, vitamin C and E. These can be sought from green leafy vegetables e.g. spinach and kale, oily fish such as salmon and tuna, nonmeat protein sources e.g. eggs, nuts, beans and citrus fruits or juices. Healthy nutrition help prevent macular degeneration and cataracts. Also, when obesity is prevented, so is related diseases such as type 2 diabetes; the leading cause of blindness in adults.
- Beware of the computer screen
In some cases it forms part of our whole day, but long hours in front of the computer screen can leave an effect on your eyesight, if not managed properly. Ideally it’s important to be aware of the state of your eyes, for example if they are dry, blink more. Body positioning is important too, ensure eye level is at the top of the monitor. It might be slightly unrealistic to advise 20s breaks every 20 minutes, however at least walk away from your desk every 2 hours and catch a quick break.
- Wear shades
UV exposure also poses a threat to healthy eyesight and risks eye disease. Ensure your stylish pair of glasses block 99-100 percent of UVA and UVB rays. Wraparound lenses ensure protection from the side of your eyes, while polarized lenses reduce glare while driving. Some contact lenses are known to have UV protection qualities, however sunglasses are still a good idea for an added layer of protection.